Risk of transmittable blood-borne pathogens in blood units from blood donor dogs in Canada

TitleRisk of transmittable blood-borne pathogens in blood units from blood donor dogs in Canada
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsNury C, Blais MC, Arsenault J
JournalJ Vet Intern Med
Date Published05/2021
Keywordsblood banking; canine vector-borne diseases; infectious diseases; transfusion medicine
Abstract

Of 1779 blood units, 0.56% were antibody-positive for Anaplasma phagocytophilum/platys and 0% for Ehrlichia canis/ewingii. After exclusion of antibody-positive units to Anaplasma spp., 1.1% of 6140 blood units were PCR-positive to Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella spp., Brucella canis, "Candidatus Mycoplasma haematoparvum," Mycoplasma haemocanis, or a combination of these pathogens. Babesia spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Leishmania spp. were not detected. Units from the first blood collection from a dog had higher odds of testing PCR-positive (P < .001) for at least 1 pathogen than units from subsequent collections.

URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jvim.16139