|Title||Lyme disease in children: Data from the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Ogden NH, Gasmi S, Koffi JK, Barton M, Lindsay LR, Langley JM|
|Journal||Ticks Tick Borne Dis.|
|Keywords||borrelia burgdorferi, Child, lyme, surveillance, tick-borne|
There were 95 cases that met inclusion criteria as confirmed or probable cases. The median age was 7 years; 38 % were 5-9 years and 35 % were 10-15 years of age. Most cases were acquired in known Canadian endemic locations; 5 were acquired during travel to the US. Most cases were reported from Nova Scotia and Ontario (46 % and 38 % respectively). The most common clinical presentation was arthritis (59 % of all cases), which is a manifestation of the late disseminated stage of LD. Late disseminated disease presented through the year, whereas early LD (Erythema migrans) and early disseminated LD presented during the summer and fall. Antibiotic choice and duration of therapy generally followed accepted guidelines.