|Title||Integrated human behavior and tick risk maps to prioritize Lyme disease interventions using a 'One Health' approach|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2023|
|Journal||Ticks Tick Borne Dis|
|Authors||Bouchard C, Dumas A, Baron G, Bowser N, Leighton PA, Lindsay LR, Milord F, Ogden NH, Aenishaenslin C|
|Keywords||Ecological, Lyme disease, One Health, prevention, Risk maps, Social-behavioral|
For the ecological risk analysis, a tick abundance model was developed by integrating data from ongoing long-term tick surveillance programs from 2007 up to 2018. Social-behavioral and ecological components of the risk measures were combined to create vulnerability index maps and, with the addition of human population densities, prioritization index maps. Map predictions were validated by testing the association of high-risk areas with the current spatial distribution of human cases of LD and reported tick exposure. Our results demonstrated that social-behavioral and ecological components of LD risk have markedly different distributions within Estrie. The occurrence of human LD cases or reported tick exposure in a municipality was positively associated with tick density and the prioritization risk index (p < 0.001). This research is a second step towards a more comprehensive integrated LD risk assessment approach, examining social-behavioral risk factors that interact with ecological risk factors to influence the management of emerging tick-borne diseases, an approach that could be applied more widely to vector-borne and zoonotic diseases.