Evolutionary aspects of emerging Lyme disease in Canada

TitleEvolutionary aspects of emerging Lyme disease in Canada
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsOgden NH, Mechai S, Margos G, Moriarty TJ, Michel P, Lindsay LR, Leighton PA, Feil EJ
JournalAppl Environ Microbiol
Start Page7350
Date Published11/2015

In North America, Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne zoonosis caused by the spirochete bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, which is maintained by wildlife. Tick vectors and bacteria are currently spreading into Canada and causing increasing numbers of cases of LD in humans and raising a pressing need for public health responses. There is no vaccine, and LD prevention depends on knowing who is at risk and informing them how to protect themselves from infection.