Electrochemical Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi Using a Biomimetic Flow Cell System

TitleElectrochemical Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi Using a Biomimetic Flow Cell System
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
JournalACS Meas Sci Au
Start Page208
Date Published03/2023
AuthorsFlynn C, Sandomierski M, Kim K, Lewis J, Lloyd VK, Ignaszak A
Keywordsborrelia, burdorferi, lyme, testing, tests

Lyme disease, caused by infection with pathogenic Borrelia bacteria, has emerged as a pervasive illness throughout North America and many other regions of the world in recent years, owing in part to climate-mediated habitat expansion of the tick vectors. Standard diagnostic testing has remained largely unchanged over the past several decades and is indirect, relying on detection of antibodies against the Borrelia pathogen, rather than detection of the pathogen itself. The development of new rapid, point-of-care tests for Lyme disease that directly detects the pathogen could drastically improve patient health by enabling faster and more frequent testing that could better inform patient treatment. Here, we describe a proof-of-concept electrochemical sensing approach to the detection of the Lyme disease-causing bacteria, which utilizes a biomimetic electrode to interact with the Borrelia bacteria that induce impedance alterations. In addition, the catch-bond mechanism between bacterial BBK32 protein and human fibronectin protein, which exhibits improved bond strength with increased tensile force, is tested within an electrochemical injection flow-cell to achieve Borrelia detection under shear stress.