Distribution of Dermacentor andersoni (Acari: Ixodidae) in Grassland Regions of Alberta, Canada

TitleDistribution of Dermacentor andersoni (Acari: Ixodidae) in Grassland Regions of Alberta, Canada
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsLysyk TJ, Dergousoff SJ, Rochon K, Chilton NB, Smith AM
JournalJ Med Entomol
Date Published03/2021
Keywordsclimate, Distribution, Rocky Mountain wood tick, species distribution modelling

The geographic distribution of the Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni Stiles, was determined in Alberta, Canada, by drag sampling at 86 and 89 sites during 2011 and 2012, respectively. Tick density and prevalence varied between years, averaging (range) 1.0 (0-26.2) and 5.9 (0-110) ticks/1,000 m2 in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Ticks were detected at 24.4% and 42.7% of the sites sampled in each respective year. Tick density and presence declined in a northerly direction to 51.6°N and in a westerly direction to ca. 113°W, except for a small area of high density at the edge of the Rocky Mountains in the southeastern portion of the province. Ticks were most abundant in the Dry Mixedgrass and Montane natural subregions and in areas with Brown Chernozemic, Regosol, and Solodized Solonetzic great soil groups. A logistic regression model indicated that tick presence was increased in the Dry Mixedgrass natural subregion and in regions with greater temperatures during the previous summer and normal winter precipitation but was reduced in areas with Dark Brown Chernozemic soils. The model will be useful for predicting tick presence and the associated risk of tick-borne diseases in the province.