Development of a Simple Trap That Captures Ticks (Acari) on Their Dorsal Surface

TitleDevelopment of a Simple Trap That Captures Ticks (Acari) on Their Dorsal Surface
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
JournalJ Med Entomol
Date Published01/2022
AuthorsYans MW, Branca AS, Hahn NG, Crawley SE, Figurskey AC, Hobson KR, Banfield MG, Borden JH
KeywordsAcari, Amblyomma americanum, surveillance, tick, trapping

We tested two versions of a trap that captures climbing ticks on their dorsum. A prototype based on a decades old model had three components, a truncated pyramidal base with steep sloping walls, downward facing sticky-tape extending beyond and spanning the boundary of the flat upper surface, on which ticks become dorsally immobilized, and a reservoir for gaseous CO2 emission from dry ice that rests on the flat upper surface. A preoperational trap was made of thermoformed plastic and differed from the prototype by its circular structure, a central depression suitable for future housing of a biotic CO2 generator and supplemental volatile lures and a transparent sticky ceiling that enables ticks to exhibit a phototactic response and allows users to see captured ticks without disturbing the traps. Field testing of the prototype in Florida and both trap types in Oklahoma and North Carolina achieved high catches of lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae), e.g. mean catches of >70 ticks (adults plus nymphs) in 4 h in both the prototype and preoperational traps in North Carolina, and significantly higher yields of ticks than on dry ice baited 1 m2 white sheets.