|Title||Assessing human exposure to spotted fever and typhus group rickettsiae in Ontario, Canada (2013-2018): a retrospective, cross-sectional study|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Nelder MP, Russell CB, Johnson S, Li Y, Cronin K, Warshawsky B, Brandon NC, Patel SN|
|Journal||BMC Infect Dis.|
|Keywords||epidemiology, Flea-borne, public health, rickettsia, serology, surveillance, tick-borne, Vector|
The rates of rickettsial infections in Ontario are difficult to determine. Based on confirmed and possible cases, rates are low, but inclusion of previous rickettsial infection cases would indicate higher rates. We highlight the need for education regarding the importance of testing acute and convalescent sera and consistent completion of the laboratory requisition in confirming rickettsial disease. We suggest further research in Ontario to investigate rickettsial agents in potential vectors and clinical studies employing PCR testing of clinical samples.