|Title||Mixed Borrelia burgdorferi and Helicobacter pylori Biofilms in Morgellons Disease Dermatological Specimens.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Middelveen MJ, Filush KR, Bandoski C, Kasliwala RS, Melillo A, Stricker RB, Sapi E|
|Keywords||Morgellons disease; Borrelia burgdorferi; Helicobacter pylori; biofilm; amyloidosis; tickborne disease; chronic infection; Lyme disease|
Bb and Hp were detected in dermatological tissue taken from MD lesions. Bb and Hp tended to co-localize in foci within the epithelial tissue. Skin sections exhibiting foci of co-infecting Bb and Hp contained amyloid markers including β-amyloid protein, thioflavin and phosphorylated tau. The biofilm marker alginate was also found in the sections.