|Title||Babesia odocoilei and zoonotic pathogens identified from Ixodes scapularis ticks in southern Ontario, Canada|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Milnes EL, Thornton G, Leveille AN, Delnatte P, Barta JR, Smith DA, Nemeth NM|
|Journal||Ticks Tick Borne Dis|
|Keywords||Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia odocoilei, borrelia burgdorferi, Cervid babesiosis, Ixodes scapularis, Migratory birds|
Overall, across both years, 0.2% and 0.5% of birds carried one or more I. scapularis ticks that tested PCR-positive for Ba. odocoilei and Bo. burgdorferi s.s., respectively. These data indicate that Ba. odocoilei-positive I. scapularis are found in southern Ontario, and suggest that bird-borne ticks have the potential to contribute to range expansion of both Ba. odocoilei and Bo. burgdorferi s.s. in Canada.